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  • Kaas Leth posted an update 1 month, 2 weeks ago

    A lot of the Vietnamese population are in the rural areas though the proportion from the urban human population are gradually increasing from 19.7% in 1990 to 26.0% in 2004. Vietnam’s largest city is Ho Chi Minh City (population 5.0 million) and Hanoi (population of three.5 million) followed by Nai, Haiphong and Dac Lac.

    Household income in Ho Chi Minh City is nearly thrice the country’s average – the town makes up about up to 50 % of all motorbikes in Vietnam. Around 20% of the population live underneath the poverty level and mainly from rural households. 10%-15% with the households are middle to high-income households while 65%-70% are lower-income households.

    INFRASTRUCTURE. Vietnam’s telecommunication systems lag behind many neighbouring countries in your neighborhood and so government puts great increased exposure of its modernisation. Digital exchanges now attached to Hanoi, Da Nang, and Ho Chi Minh City and main lines have gone up whilst the using mobile telephones is increasing. The national road system stretches from the northern to southern tip of Vietnam. Northern and southern Vietnam are with two air terminals and a couple main sea ports serving international shipping.

    INTERNATIONAL TRADE. Vietnam’s major trading partners include the US, Japan, China, Australia, Germany, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and The philipines. Major exports include oil, seafood, rice, coffee, cashew nuts, rubber, tea, garments and shoes. Major imports include machineries and equipments, petroleum products, fertilisers, steel products, cotton, grains, cement and motorcycles.

    CONSUMER USAGE OF TECHNOLOGY. There was nearly 10.A million telephones positioned in Vietnam and nearly 5.0 million mobile phone subscribers in 2004. The federal government is putting considerable efforts to modernise and improve the country’s telecommunication system but nevertheless lags when compared with Singapore, Thailand and Malaysia. Computer penetration is low; estimates vary from 2% to 4% of people in 2004 and an estimated 5.8 million online users. The penetration of television is just 20% and concentrated to homes inside the towns and cities. Similarly, installation of refrigerators concentrates inside the cities where 60% from the homes have refrigerators.

    RETAIL MARKET. Retail sales in Vietnam grew by 8%-12% annually from 2000 to 2004 because of increasing disposable income as a result of country’s strong economic growth. Vietnamese consumers spend two-thirds of these income on retail purchases amounting to US$16.3 billion in 2004. Traditional wet markets along with the "mom and pop" shops dominate the retail industry comprising 95% from the total retail trade. A number of these stores measure no more than five square metres (54 sq ft). Modern stores are restricted but gradually emerging in the united states and usually locally owned businesses concentrated in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi.

    FOOD CULTURE. Rice and noodles are the staple food with the Vietnamese but taste preference differs by region. Foods in central Vietnam are spicier while foods in southern and northern Vietnam are less spicy as they are saltier. The Vietnamese often dip their foods with chilli, garlic or fish sauce to include flavour. France colonialists introduced European style bread and bakeries to the Vietnamese food culture. Western style fast food service establishments are beginning to emerge plus the traditional snack bars, cake shops and mobile food carts.

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